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Vibration Isolation System
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Optical Tables > Vibration Isolation System
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Active isolators - technique pneumatic.
Available in various sizes (6’ x 4’ x 8”, 8’ x 4’ x 8”)

Standard hole pattern of M6 at center distance of
25mm / 50mm.

Top and bottom stainless steel.
Self-dumping side channels.
High temperature epoxy bonding.
Effective vibration isolation system fitted with non-return exhaust valve, 2-way valve and air harness.
Supplied with maintenance free noiseless air compressor.
Honeycomb table with cellular core of stainless steel or aluminium.

 

 
HOB-285(VIS)
Task Report
 
Vibration Measurement & Analysis for the
Optical Honeycomb Table
 
 Reference No    SO-5967
 Report

   Vibration Measurement & Analysis for the Optical, Honeycomb Table

 Location    Opto Electronics (P) Limited, Industrial Estate, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore
  
 Summary

   
The scope of work involves:
     
  i. Measurement of rigid body modes at various pressure/load conditions
  ii. Measurement of Compliance of Vibration Isolation table at 1 bar
  iii. Measurement of Transmissibility of the isolator of Isolation table at various pressure levels.

 Project Team

  i. Mr. S Krishna Murthy (Manager –Technical)
  ii. Mr. Vidya Sagar (Application Engineer)
 
 
Introduction
 
M/s. Optoelectronics is a Bangalore based company involved in design and development of Electronics subsystems for space and defense application. They also undertake micro controller and microprocessor based application for industrial automation and sub-modules developments. The product list of optoelectronics includes Prism Table, Lens Holder, Optical Tables, Positioning Stages and Jacks etc.
 
One of the major products is the Honeycomb Table Vibration Isolation System whose specifications are as follows:
 
Size : 2 m x 1 m x 0.15 m
Top Plate : Stainless Steel 304
Thickness : 6 mm
Core : Aluminium
Bottom Plate : Aluminium
Thickness : 3 mm
Side Channels : Aluminium
Surface Accuracy : 0.250 mm for 1 meter square area
Finish : Brushed Matt
Holes : M6 at a center distance of 25 mm
 
M/s. Optoelectronics approached M/s. Foretek to carryout the Vibration Measurement on the Honeycomb Table and do the Compliance Measurement and Transmissibility Analysis in order to find out the Vibration Reduction characteristics of the Table.

This report contains the information on our Test set-up and Observations on our measurement and analysis.
 
 
Instrumentation
 
The following instruments/software was used to carry out the measurements:
 
Dewetron, Austria make DEWE – 5000 Data Acquisition System
DEWETRON Signal Conditioners
NI-4472 A/D card
DJB A/120/V Accelerometers (2 no’s)
MMF VC 13 Vibration Calibrator
Foretek Impulse Hammer
DEWESoft Software
Cables and Connectors
 
 
Test Procedure
 
 i ) Measurement of Rigid Body Modes
 
The accelerometer was mounted on the Table Top. An Impulse Hammer, Which has a force transducer, was used to excite the structure in Vertical Direction. The Teflon hammer tip was used to get the lower frequency excitation energy. The Frequency Response Function(FRF) was measured at the drive point (the location where excitation point and response point coincides) and the rigid body modes were calculated. The test is repeated for various pressure conditions such as 0.5 Bar. 1 Bar and 2 Bar. Later, the measurement was carried out with a mass of 250 kg at 2 bar Air Pressure.

Also it was measured for the Horizontal direction.
 
ii ) Compliance Measurement
 
The compliance has to be calculated for the first elastic mode. The accelerometer was mounted on the Table Top. An Impulse Hammer, which has a force transducer, was used to excite the structure in Vertical Direction. The Teflon hammer tip was used to get the lower frequency (0-700Hz) excitation energy. The frequency Response Function was measured at different points of the table like centre, Corner points etc. The Compliance was extracted using the Calculator functions available in the SmartOffice Software.

The compliance calculation was carried out for a pressure setting of 1 Bar.
 
 
Fig 1: Block Schematic of Rigid body modes and compliance measurement set-up.
 
 iii ) Transmissibility Measurement
 
The reference accelerometer is mounted on the ground and the other accelerometer on the table top. Both the accelerometers (in vertical direction) are connected to the DEWETRON Data Acquisition System Through the signal Conditioners. The ground is excited using the drop of an automotive tyre and the transmissibility is measured through DEWE – 5000 and SmartOffice Software.

The transmissibility is calculated for 0.5 Bar, 1 Bar and 2 bar respectively.
 
 
Fig 2: Block Schematic of the Compliance measurement Set-up.
 
 
Observations
 
 i ) Measurement of Rigid Body Modes
 
 
Table-I: Rigid Body Modes in Vertical Direction
  Condition   Rigid Modal Frequency (in Hz)At Drive Point
  2 Bar with Load (250 Kg)   4.5
  2 Bar   7.75
  1 Bar   7.00
  0.5 Bar   5.75
 
 
Fig3: FRFs at the Drive-Point for each condition in Vertical Direction.
 
Table – II: Rigid Body Modes in Horizontal Direction
  Condition   Rigid Modal Frequency (in Hz)At Drive Point
  2 Bar   7.00
  1 Bar   6.50
  0.5 Bar   6.25
 
 
Fig 4: FRFs at the Drive-Point for each condition in Horizontal Direction
 
We have observed that the rigid body modal frequencies were decreasing with the decrease in the pressure in both Horizontal and Vertical Direction. Also it was further by addition of the weight.
 
 ii ) Compliance Measurement
 
Table-II: Compliance values of the Table
  Condition   Resonance  Frequency in Hz   Compliance in 10-8m/n
  Centre of the table   217.50   10.72
  Right Corner of the table   197.50   12.48
  Left Corner of the table   197.50   13.06
 
Fig 5: Compliance at the Centre of the table
 
Fig 6: Compliance at the Right Corner of the table
 
Fig 7: Compliance at the Left Corner of the table
 
iii ) Transmissibility Measurement
 
The following are the transmissibility curves for various pressure condition
 
Fig 8: Transmissibility Curve at 0.5 Bar
 
Fig 9: Transmissibility Curve at 1 Bar
 
 
From all the above transmissibility curves, it is observed that:
 
a) The amplification factor of the order of 10 and 4 occurs at 12.75 and 8.25 Hz respectively for 0.5 Bar.
b) The amplification factor of the order of 9 and 3 occurs at 10.75 and 13 Hz respectively for 1 Bar.
c) Isolation is effective beyond 16 Hz for 0.5 Bar and 1 Bar condition.
d) For 2 Bar Condition, isolation is effective beyond 35 Hz.
 
 
Conclusion
 
We have observed that there is amplification occurs at the resonant frequencies but beyond 16 Hz, the vibration isolation is taking place from ground to Table which means the Honeycomb table is working fine
 
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